A Guide to Executive Function

Executive function and self-regulation skills are like an air traffic control system in the brain—they help us manage information, make decisions, and plan ahead. We need these skills at every stage of life, and while no one is born with them, we are all born with the potential to develop them. But, how do we do that? The Center on the Developing Child at Harvard created this Guide to Executive Function to walk you through everything you need to know (<— click here to open) about these skills and how to develop and practice them throughout life.

Watch this video for a brief overview: https://youtu.be/efCq_vHUMqs

Ever wonder how much sleep your child should be getting?

This article in Maclean's offers a summary of newly published guidelines from the American Academy of Sleep Medicine:

Parental warning: Don’t lose sleep over new guidelines on how much shut-eye your kids should be getting.

The recommendations range from up to 16 hours daily for babies to at least eight hours for teens. They come from a panel of experts and give parents fresh ammunition for when kids blame them for strict bedtimes.

The guidelines released Monday are the first-ever for children from the American Academy of Sleep Medicine. They encompass recommendations the American Academy of Pediatrics has made at different times for different ages.

According to the guidelines: Adequate sleep is linked with improved attention, behaviour, learning, mental and physical health at every age covered. And insufficient sleep increases risks for obesity, diabetes, accidents, depression and in teens, self-harm including suicide attempts.

The recommendations are based on a review of scientific evidence on sleep duration and health.

Recommended daily/nightly sleep duration is:

— 12 hours to 16 hours including naps for infants aged 4 months to 12 months. Younger infants aren’t included because they have a wide range of normal sleep patterns.

— 11 to 14 hours including naps for children aged 1- to 2 years.

— 10 to 13 hours including naps for children aged 3 to 5 years.

— 9 to 12 hours for children aged 6 to 12 years.

— 8 to 10 hours for teens aged 13 to 18 years.

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Online:

American Academy of Sleep Medicine: http://www.aasmnet.org